Updated: October 13, 2017
On Oct. 13, 2017, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced an agreement with Monsanto, BASF and DuPont on measures to minimize the potential for off-target movement of Dicamba and further ensure effective use of three pesticides: DuPont’s FeXapan, BASF’s Engenia and Monsanto’s XtendiMax. The Missouri Department of Agriculture is reviewing these requirements as preparations are made for the 2018 growing season.
“This announcement gives farmers certainty moving forward as they make seed purchases for the next year,” said Director of Agriculture Chris Chinn. “We will continue to work alongside farmers, researchers, industry partners, and farm and commodity organizations to safeguard these important tools in the best interest of all Missouri agriculture.”
Missouri Director of Agriculture Chris Chinn issued a Notice of Release from the Stop Sale, Use or Removal Order of all products containing Dicamba labeled for agricultural use on Sept. 29, 2017. Applicators should still defer to the Special Local Need labels that remain in place for ENGENIA Herbicide, EPA Registration Number 7969-345; and XTENDIMAX with VaporGrip Technology, EPA Registration Number 524-617; and FEXAPAN™ Herbicide Plus VaporGrip™ Technology, EPA Registration Number 352-913.
EPA's Frequently Asked Questions
- What additional steps is EPA taking to reduce damage to non-target crops from Dicamba used on GE crops?
EPA worked with States, USDA cooperative extension agents and the pesticide manufacturers to develop tangible solutions to address the underlying causes leading to dicamba-related crop damage incidents in 2017. The manufacturers voluntarily agreed to label changes that impose additional requirements for "over the top" use of these products next year including:
- Classifying products as "restricted use," permitting only certified applicators with special training and those under their supervision to apply them; dicamba-specific training for all applicators to reinforce proper use;
- Requiring farmers to maintain specific records regarding the use of these products to improve compliance with label restrictions;
- Limiting applications to when maximum wind speeds are below 10 mph (from 15 mph) to reduce potential spray drift;
- Reducing the times during the day when applications can occur;
- Including tank clean-out language to prevent cross contamination; and
- Enhancing susceptible crop language and record keeping with sensitive crop registries to increase awareness of risk to especially sensitive crops nearby.
- What are EPA’s next steps?
Manufacturers have agreed to a process to get the revised labels into the hands of farmers in time for the 2018 use season. Each company agreed to a process to relabel products currently in the marketplace, if necessary. This may involve certain retailers relabeling the products and providing a new label or manufacturers reclaiming products from certain retailers for relabeling.
EPA will monitor the success of these changes to help inform our decision whether to allow the continued "over the top" use of dicamba beyond the 2018 growing season. When EPA registered these products, it set the registrations to automatically expire in 2 years to allow EPA to change the registration, if necessary. Monsanto, BASF, and DuPont are the only companies that market these dicamba products for over-the-top applications in season.
For more Frequently Asked Questions from the EPA, click here.
MDA's Frequently Asked Questions
- Will Engenia Herbicide, EPA Reg. No. 7969-345, Xtendimax with VaporGrip Technology, EPA Reg. No. 524-617, and FeXipan Herbicide Plus VaporGrip, EPA Reg. No. 352-913, be registered in Missouri for the 2018 growing season?
Yes, these products will be registered in Missouri and available for sale and use in accordance with all label directions for use.
- Will these products have separate Supplemental Labels providing directions for post-emergent use over the top of dicamba-tolerant soybeans and cotton?
No, the pesticide registrants have agreed to add these uses to the Section 3 (container label) for the 2018 growing season. This will limit the number of labels a pesticide applicator must refer to prior to using the product.
- For the 2018 growing season, these products have been classified by the EPA as Restricted Use Pesticides (RUPs) and the amended Section 3 (container label) for each product will be clearly marked “Restricted Use Pesticide.” Will all label uses, including the post-emergent uses for dicamba-tolerant soybeans and cotton, fall under the RUP classification?
Yes – all label uses will fall under the RUP classification. Pesticide applicators wanting to purchase and use RUPs must be licensed as a certified pesticide applicator through the Missouri Department of Agriculture, or the pesticide applicator must work under the direct supervision of a certified pesticide applicator.
- How do I obtain the proper licensure as a certified pesticide applicator?
If you are a private applicator (farmer) producing agricultural commodities, you must complete certified private applicator training provided by the University of Missouri Extension Service. Contact your local county extension center to register for the next available training session. Following the completion of Private Applicator Training, the extension center will send your application for license to MDA for issuance of a Certified Private Applicator license.
If you are a pesticide applicator engaged in the business of applying pesticides for hire in exchange for a fee or other compensation, you must obtain a Certified Commercial Applicator License through MDA. Please visit our Certification and Licensing webpage for more information.
- Where do I go for dicamba and auxin-specific training?
The Department is also working with the University of Missouri and other researchers to strengthen education and training specific to Dicamba and other auxin herbicides.
- How long will the Special Local Need labels for Missouri be in effect?
Special Local Need labels remain in place for ENGENIA, XTENDIMAX and FEXAPAN in Missouri and will expire on Dec. 1, 2017.
- What is a Special Local Need label?
The Department has the authority under section 24(c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) to register an additional use of a federally registered pesticide product, or a new end use product for use in “special local need” situations.
- These registrations, reviewed and issued by MDA, become federal registrations under Section 3 of FIFRA, but can only be distributed and used within the state of Missouri.
- A Special Local Need label is typically used to allow specific pesticide use in the state with special provisions.
- How do I file a complaint concerning suspected Dicamba damage?
The incident report form is available on the Department's website as a web-based online form.
- How do I contact the manufacturer of my Dicamba product?
Manufacturer-specific information can be found on the product label.
- Has the Missouri Department of Agriculture been working with other state Departments of Agriculture?
The Department has been in touch with the other state Departments of Agriculture and is monitoring their situations.
- Who at MDA should I contact with questions?
Media inquiries should be directed to Sarah Alsager, Missouri Department of Agriculture, at 573-751-2613 or via the online press inquiry form.
- How many pesticide drift complaints does the department investigate each year?
Total Pesticide Incidents (Ag Use and Non Ag Use) involving filed complaints investigated by the Pesticide Program:
FY 2012 – 97
FY 2013 – 75 (one complaint was Dicamba-related)
FY 2014 – 75
FY 2015 – 90 (three complaints were Dicamba-related)
FY 2016 – 97 (27 complaints are allegedly Dicamba-related)
FY 2017 (July 1, 2016 – June 27, 2017) – 325 (212 complaints are allegedly Dicamba-related)
Calendar year 2017 (Jan. 1 – September 28, 2017) – 375 (310 complaints are allegedly Dicamba-related) (Updated 9/28/17)
Dicamba Complaints in Missouri Map